We statement here on the 2007 discovery, in perfect archaeological context, of part of the engraved and ocre-stained undersurface of the collapsed rockshelter ceiling from Abri Castanet, Dordogne, France. discovered before modern methods of archaeological excavation and analysis. Comparison of the dates for the Castanet ceiling and those directly obtained from the Chauvet paintings reveal that this vulvar representations from southwestern France are as aged or older than the very different wall images from Chauvet. date for the archaeological layer should therefore be a good proxy for the engraved undersurface of the collapsed ceiling. Fig. 3. Context of the in situ engraved and red-stained roof-collapse block, sitting directly on the uncovered Aurignacian surface. (and for 14C procedures applied at both laboratories). Fig. 5. ACTB Bayesian model of the Castanet Northern and Southern sector results as well as the direct dates from Chauvet produced with OxCal 4.1. The radiocarbon ages are compared against the IntCal09 dataset of Reimer et al. (28). Individual radiocarbon likelihoods … The results of the dating are shown in Furniture 1 and?and 2. 2. The analytical alpha-Cyperone supplier data (Furniture 1 and ?and2)2) shows that the collagen extracted was of a good quality, and the bone was acceptably well-preserved. The determinations from both areas of the site are statistically indistinguishable from one another as well as from the majority of previous determinations from your south area dated in Gif-sur-Yvette (23, 24). We used Bayesian modeling (Table 3, Fig. 5, and Fig. S8) to assess the chronology of the Northern sector occupation(s) further with OxCal 4.1 (25C27) and the IntCal09 (28) calibration curve. We presume a single phase of occupation(s) at the site, as attested by the results alpha-Cyperone supplier of the excavations. A standard distribution of all radiocarbon ages is usually assumed within alpha-Cyperone supplier the phase. A boundary is placed at the beginning and end of the phase. Although undated by radiocarbon, these boundaries provide probability distribution functions (PDFs) for the start and end dates of these phases. The results of the analysis show that this boundary marking the beginning of occupation at Castanet is usually 37,190C36,630 y BP calibrated (cal BP) (68.2% probability) and 37,880C36,530 y cal BP (95.4% probability). The occupation ended between 36,760C36,330 y cal BP (68.2% probability) and 37.000C35,770 y cal BP (95.4% probability). When current calibration curves are applied in combination with Bayesian modeling, the results indicate a very brief period of activity, covering a range within 36,940C36,510 y cal BP (68.2% probability). Table 3. Calibrated and age-modeled results from the Abri Castanet Northern sector excavations Conversation These dates, compared with direct dates around the Chauvet paintings, reveal the Castanet images to be among the oldest parietal representations so far discovered in Europe. More than 50 dates have been obtained on charcoal samples collected around the ground of the different chambers or around the wall (punctuations and torch rubbings) of the Chauvet cave. Most of the 14C dates, including the dated drawings, range from 30,000 to 32,500 y BP (uncalibrated), whereas a more youthful occupation occurred between 26,000 and 28,000 y BP (29C31). We present here (Table 4) only direct dates on wall paintings that fall within the known range of dates for the Aurignacian alpha-Cyperone supplier culture. When these dates are modeled and compared with the dates for Castanet (Fig. 5), the Chauvet dates trend more youthful than those from your undersurface of the engraved block from your Castanet Northern sector even if, statistically, they are indistinguishable. Table 4. Previously obtained direct dates on wall paintings from Grotte Chauvet Aurignacian vulvar imagery from Castanet, Blanchard, and other sites such as La Ferrassie alpha-Cyperone supplier and Abri Cellier in the Vzre Valley inspired argument (32) and interpretation from the moment that this Abb Henri Breuil first go through engravings from Abri Blanchard as Pudendum muliebre in 1911 (letter from Breuil to Didon dated January 25, 1911, in ref. 33). A century after the discovery of Aurignacian engraved and colored representations on limestone blocks, we now have the modern-quality recovery of one of these artifacts. This discovery confirms that some of these representations were executed around the shelter ceiling 2 m above the occupational surface. Moreover, we have important radiometric dates for the.